In January 1826, in Bern, Switzerland, Ioannis Kapodistrias, a Greek diplomat, swore faith to the new Emperor of Russia, Nicholas I and assisted in the commemoration of Alexander I at the local embassy.
The news of the fall of Missolonghi in Greece urged Kapodistrias to visit Paris, the Netherlands, and Paris again to influence the public opinion.

During his last trip, he was informed that the Third Greek National Assembly of Troezen had elected him as Governor of the Greek State (2/14 April 1827). Then, Kapodistrias travelled to Russia where he lodged his resignation to the Tsar.

The house where Ioannis Kapodistrias was born, in Corfu.

The Tsar thanked him for his services and his zeal in the performance of his duties by offering him a lifetime pension of 60,000 francs. Kapodistrias did not accept the offer and rejected his pension.

Kapodistrias did not hesitate to sell even his furniture in Saint Petersburg to raise money for the Greek struggle, hoping that he was setting a good example for his fellow countrymen, donors, and benefactors.

He addressed a fundraising request for the Greek war of independence to all the wealthy Greeks and philhellenes in Europe (Russia, Italy, France, Switzerland, Britain, Austria, the Netherlands, Moldavia, Wallachia, Prussia, etc.). From the Greek diaspora, mainly in Russia (Inglesis, Mavros, Maraslis, Serafim, Angelos, Koumparis), he managed to raise 100,000 francs. To this amount, Kapodistrias contributed 50,000 francs from his personal savings.
Ioannis Kapodistrias (1776–1831) was the founder of the modern Greek state.

Ioannis Kapodistrias (1776–1831) was the founder of the modern Greek state.

He previously served as a brilliant foreign minister of Russia, and he was a progressive and effective leader of the new country during the four years he served it as its first Governor.

Though he had to create a state from zero, he had the ambition and method to organize it according to the European standards.

The assassination of Kapodistria, by Dionysios Tsokos

His assassination in Nafplion, outside a church, deprived the country from the chance to become a modern state from the outset.

You can read his fascinating story in the latest issue of Greek Business File. On the occassion of the Greek Revolution Bicentennial, Greek Business Files will host a series of articles on the most important figures of the Greek Struggle for Independence.

The article draws material from the “Great Greek Biographical Dictionary” and highlights the significance of one of the most distinguished politicians and diplomats of Europe.